Covid-19. Crisis, Agrarian Issues, Rural Livelihoods: An Agrarian Questions Resource

Covid-19 and economic lockdowns have led to crisis conditions in agriculture and for rural populations across the globe as supply chains are disrupted, crops are left to rot and seasonal migrant work in agriculture and beyond abruptly have disappeared. There will be winners and losers as supply chains restructure and demand stay high for certain products in some parts of the world. The effects will be felt for years to come.

 Since the onset of the crisis scholars and activists have sought to map and analyse the developments, also from rural and agrarian perspectives.

 Agrarian Questions are joining these efforts by providing this resource:  a continuously updated compilation of weblinks to studies, blog posts and webinars on how the pandemic is impacting rural and agrarian populations and regions across the world.


Africa (General)

African land rights in the time of the coronavirus (Webinar), May 28, 2020. PLAAS with others

A pandemic-driven food crisis in Africa can be prevented, April 19, 2020. Cedric Habiyaremye

Africa’s Huge Locust Swarms Are Growing at the Worst Time, April 16, 2020. Matt Simon



Informe ampliado: efectos socioeconómicos y culturales de la pandemia COVID-19 y del aislamiento social, preventivo y obligatorio en los Pueblos Indígenas en Argentina, Various authors. June 2020

Lockdown affecting agribusiness and local food producers differently in Argentina. Challenges and opportunities for food sovereignty, April 28, 2020. Andrea P. Sarosa Varrotti



Disaster looms for indigenous Amazon tribes as COVID-19 cases multiply, June 12, 2020. Scott Wallace

Pandemics and the specter of hunger in Brazil: a multidimensional crisis and a negationist president, April 30, 2020.

The dangers of legalising public land theft in Brazil : agribusiness, deforestation, and the melting pot of future pandemics, April 30, 2020. GRAIN



Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Security Under Covid-19: Lessons from China, June 2020. Shenggen Fan

Local food systems and COVID-19: A look into China’s responses, April 08, 2020. Shulang Fei and Jia Ni

Chinese livestock farms struggle under COVID-19 restrictions, March 26, 2020. Xiaobo Zhang

Planters, plagued: Covid-19 is making it harder to grow food in China, March 14, 2020. Zhaoquanying

The coronavirus will delay agricultural export surges promised in trade deal with China, March 13, 2020. Wendong Zhang and Tao Xiong



Coronavirus and the Colombian Countryside, May 05, 2020. Alex Diamond



Court forces Ecuador government to protect Indigenous Waorani during COVID-19, June 26, 2020. Kimberley Brown


European Union (General)

Without rights for farm workers, EU’s food supplies are at risk, April 7, 2020. Giulia Lagana



[Thou shalt] Honour the asparagus!: Romanian Agricultural Labour in Germany during the COVID-19 Season, May 11, 2020. Manuela Boatca



Growing back stronger: Choosing resilient food systems in the wake of Covid-19, July 02, 2020. Jan Douwe van der Ploeg

Covid-19 and the World Food System, 2020. A. Haroom Akram-Lodhi.

Coronavirus could have a devastating impact on land rights, but it doesn’t have to, June 17, 2020. Pubudini Wickramaratne

Covid-19 and food systems: relational geographies, food insecurity and relocalisation, June 10, 2020. Damien Maye

Coronavirus y deterioro ecológico: Lo que no se dice, June 2020. Yolanda Cristina Massieu Trigo

Farmers on the Frontline: Resilience and food security in a post-coronavirus world (Web Seminar), May 28, 2020. IFAD

Balancing the Pandemic, Biodiversity and Farming (Podcast), May 25, 2020. IFAD

Covid-19 and agriculture: the coming contradictory hunger pandemic, May 11, 2020. Felix Anderl

Migrant Agricultural Workers in India and the COVID-19 lockdown, May 07, 2020. Ranjini Basu

Covid-19’s Third Shock Wave: The Global Food Crisis, May 01, 2020. Michael T. Klare

‘Never Let a Good Crisis Go to Waste’:The Covid-19 Pandemic and the Opportunity for Food Sovereignty, April 2020. Walden Bello

COVID-19 and the Crisis in Food Systems (Special Report in English, Spanish and French), April 2020. iPES Food

Untangling famine from pandemic means untangling food from capital, April 28, 2020. Stian Rice

The solution to food insecurity is food sovereignty, April 25, 2020. Jeongyeol Kim and Pramesh Pokharel

The Corporate Food System Is Making the Coronavirus Crisis Worse, April 22, 2020. Walden Bello

COVID-19 and the impact on agriculture and food security, April 20, 2020. ILO–en/index.htm

COVID-19 and food insecurity: what is the role of international cooperation?, April 18, 2020. Thiago Lima, Atos Dias, Igor Palma, Igor Palma & Lucas Amorim

Recipe for Disaster – Globalised food systems, inequality and COVID-19 (Webinar), April 15, 2020. Transnational Institute

COVID-19 and food security in vulnerable countries, April 14, 2020. Pamela Coke Hamilton

COVID-19 reminds us that our food production model might kill us, March 24, 2020. Mariel Aguilar-Støen

COVID-19: Several members of La Via Campesina highlight the vulnerability of peasants and workers, March 18, 2020. La Via Campesina



Reset rural job policies, recognise women’s work, July 04, 2020. Madhura Swaminathan

Covid-19 and the Rural Non-Farm Sector, June 2020. RAS Editorial

Impact of Covid-19 on Indian Villages, June 2020. Tapas Singh Modak, Sandipan Baksi and Deepak Johnson

COVID-19: Dominant-caste panchayats in Punjab pass resolutions to reduce labour wages, June 28, 2020. Jatinder Kaur Tur

How Kachchh’s Nomadic Pastoralists Are Dealing With COVID-19’s Challenges, June 28, 2020. Natasha Maru

Fifty Days of Lockdown in India: A View from Two Villages in Tamil Nadu, June 19, 2020. Grace Carswell, Geert De Neve and S Yuvaraj

India’s Employment and Migration Crisis in the wake of COVID-19, June 16, 2020. Amit Basole with Aditya Ray

How a bunch of Mumbai’s fishers kept their businesses afloat amid coronavirus lockdown, Himanshu Nitnaware. June 14, 2020

Way-Forward: COVID-19 and Indian Agriculture (Webinar). June 01, 2020.

MGNREGS and the Pandemic Crisis: Reflections from Tripura, May 26, 2020. Ranjini Basu and Tapas Singh Modak

COVID-19 Lockdown: The Public Distribution of Foodgrain, May 24, 2020. Vikas Rawal and Manish Kumar

“Diarrhea, Dehydration, Hunger, Exhaustion”: India’s Rural Poor Suffer Most Under Lockdown, May 22, 2020. P. Sainath for Democracy Now

COVID-19 Lockdown: The Crisis of Rural Employment, May 20, 2020. Vikas Rawal and Manish Kumar

COVID-19 Lockdown: Impact on Agriculture, May 20, 2020. Vikas Rawal and Manish Kumar

Choking the Lifeline of the Rural Economy: MGNREGS during the COVID-19 Lockdown, May 2020. Manish Kumar

What If Migrant Workers Don’t Return? Jean Drèze Explains Crisis, May 08, 2020.

COVID-19’s Disruption of India’s Transformed Food Supply Chains, May 02, 2020. Thomas Reardon, Ashok Mishra, Chandra S R Nuthalapati, Marc F Bellemare, David Zilberman

Environment Vs Economy: An Approach That Exposes India To COVID-19-Like Infections, May 02, 2020. Tish Sanghera, Disha Shetty

Migrant Labour in the Shadow of the Pandemic (Webinar), May 02, 2020. Ravi Srivastava for Institute for Human Development and Indian Society of Labour Economics

Covid-19 Pandemic: Impact on Agriculture (Web Lecture), May 02, 2020. Abhijit Sen for Society for Social and Economic Research

Rural Distress, May 08, 2020. Project on Agrarian Relations in India, Foundation for Agrarian Studies

Unlocking the Urban: Reimagining Migrant Lives in Cities Post- COVID 19 (Webinar), April 30, 2020. Aajeevika Bureau

COVID19 Pandemic Voices from Margins Webinar Series (Webinars), various dates. Praxis: Institute for Participatory Practices

Covid-19: The road back home, April 29, 2020. Arthik Anusandhan Kendra, Praxis-Institute for Participatory Practices

The Jean Dreze Interview: Keeping migrant workers from returning home will deepen COVID-19 financial crisis, April 29, 2020. Jean Drèze and GS Vasu–2136066.html

COVID-19 and women agricultural labourers: Field realities from Tamil Nadu, April 29, 2020. Pratheepa and Rengalakshmi

The Coronavirus Pandemic: Addressing the Food Crisis in India (Podcast), April 2020. Centre for Policy Research

Agricultural Supply Chains during the COVID-19 Lockdown, April 2020. Vikas Rawal and Ankur Verma

Farmers and Workers amidst the Pandemic (Web Lecture), April 20, 2020. R. Ramakumar for Progressive Students’ Forum-TISS

Bitter Harvest: Farmers suffer under the coronavirus lockdown, April 17, 2020. Ramandeep Singh Mann

When the Invisible Disappeared: Migrant Labour in Agriculture in the Pandemic, April 14, 2020. R. Ramakumar

The Covid-19 Crisis in India. Chronicle of a Tragedy Foretold, April 13, 2020. Mathieu Ferry, Govindan Venkatasubramanian, Isabelle Guérin & Marine Al Dahdah

India’s Food System in the Time of COVID-19, April 11, 2020. Abhishek, Vaibhav Bhamoriya, Puneet Gupta, Manu Kaushik, Avinash Kishore, Ritesh Kumar, Abhishek Sharma and Shilp Verma

Broken supply chains: COVID-19 lockdown is having a devastating effect on livelihoods in rural India, April 05, 2020. Ravi Nandi and S. Nedumaran

Borders of an Epidemic: COVID 19 and Migrant Workers (e-book), April 2020. Ranabir Samaddar (Ed).

India’s Villages during the COVID-19 Pandemic. A webpage of reports compiled by Vikas Rawal, Manish Kumar and Jesim Pais; the Society for Social and Economic Research (SSER)

The Covid­-19 Pandemic and Indian Agriculture: A Note, March 30 2020 . R. Ramakumar

India’s coronavirus lockdown will hit women and migrant workers hardest, March 26, 2020. Nitya Rao

Farming and its Crisis: The troubled world of agriculture, various dates. People’s Archive of Rural India

Covid-19 lockdown relief work with destitute workers and their households in the central Indian industrial town of Bhilai: A diary by Ajay T.G.
A research resource in Hindi, with an introduction in English by Jonathan Parry



Indonesia’s agro nationalism in the pandemic, June 04, 2020. Colum Graham

Indigenous communities, land rights and Covid-19, June 04, 2020. Andre Barahamin



Missing farm workers in pandemic times: Is it really “the virus’s fault”? The view from Italy, May 15, 2020. Irene Peano

Italy’s coronavirus farmworker shortage fuels debate on illegal migration, April 13, 2020. Hannah Roberts



Herding in a confined spring: Pastoralists in Jordan during the COVID-19 pandemic, May 15, 2020. Mathilde Gingembre and Anas Amarneh



How are Kenyan pastoralists coping in the time of COVID-19?, July 03, 2020. Rahma Hassan


Latin America (General)

COVID-19 hace visibles economías campesinas, May 15, 2020.

Nuevo informe de la FAO advierte del impacto del COVID-19 en la seguridad alimentaria de América Latina y el Caribe, April 27, 2020. FAO Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean



Facing COVID-19 in the highlands of Madagascar: How are the rural households and women coping?, July 03, 2020. AfricaRice



Resisting in the mountains in Mexico: using territory and self-determination to resist COVID-19, May 05, 2020.



The four immediate impacts of Covid-19 regulations on the Mozambican farmers, April 17, 2020. Phillan Zamchiya, Clemente Ntauazi and Boaventura Monjane



Where Have 140 Million Dutch Tulips Gone? Crushed by the Coronavirus, April 12, 2020. Nina Siegal



Roots of Food Crisis in Pakistan, May 14, 2020. Hashim Bin Rashid and Mohsin Abdali

Restraining COVID-19 impact on agriculture in Pakistan, May 03, 2020. Ghulam Abbas Shah

How will COVID-19 affect Pakistan farmers, food system?, May 01, 2020. Sana Jamal



Agro y coronavirus: Las medidas del gobierno para el mundo rural en tiempos de pandemia, May 2020. La revista agraria

Agro y coronavirus, May 05, 2020. Fernando Eguren



The struggle for land and food in the locked-down Philippines, June 03, 2020. Elena L. Pasquini


South Africa

Fattening the curve–The bio-politics of food, livelihoods and Covid-19 (Webinar), July 02, 2020. PLAAS

Democratising South Africa’s food system in and beyond the crisis (Webinar), May 21, 2020. PLAAS

Covid-19’s effect on South African farm workers (Webinar), May 07, 2020. PLAAS

Covid-19: Impact on small-scale fisheries in South Africa and beyond (Webinar), April 30, 2020. PLAAS

Covid-19: What’s happening in our informal economy? (Webinar), April 21, 2020. PLAAS

Covid-19: A perspective from rural South Africa (Webinar), April 16, 2020. PLAAS

Covid-19: The impact on small-scale fishers—A perspective from Ocean View, April 07, 2020. Charles America, Joseph Ginindza and Moenieba Isaacs

Food in the time of the coronavirus: Why we should be very, very afraid, April 1, 2020. PLAAS


South Asia (General)

COVID-19 and South Asia: Journeying with Migrant Labour (Web Seminar), May 27, 2020. Warwick Interdisciplinary Research Centre for International Development


United Kingdom

Farms count cost of homegrown workforce, Judith Evans. June 14, 2020

Food Inequality, Covid-19 and the Community Restaurant, May 23, 2020. Benjamin Selwyn


United States of America

The Food Supply Chain Is Not Yet in Danger — but the Workers Who Keep Us Fed Are, April 24, 2020. Murtaza Hussain

COVID-19 sweeping through US immigrant farmworker and meatpacker ranks, April 23, 2020. Danica Jorden

‘If one of us gets sick, we all get sick’: the food workers on the coronavirus front line, April 17, 2020. Mya Frazier

How coronavirus threatens the seasonal farmworkers at the heart of the American food supply, April 03, 2020. Michael Haedicke

Coronavirus Hits Already Frail U.S. Farm Economy, March 21, 2020. Jacob Bunge, Kirk Maltais and Jesse Newman



COVID-19 and the Peasantry: Some Reflections from Zimbabwe, April 15, 2020. Edmore Mwandiringana and Fadzai Chipato

Zimbabwe’s Covid-19 lockdown: Ensuring the right to food for the poor, April 14, 2020. Phillan Zamchiya, Dewa Mavhinga, Thando Gwinji, Arnold Chamunogwa and Claris Madhuku


Some resources on wider political economy issues:

Opus Magnum: How the Pandemic is Changing the World, July 06, 2020. Göran Therborn

Capitalist Catastrophism, June 17, 2020. Kai Heron

The COVID-19 crisis and the concept of class, June 2020. Arjun Sengupta

Bottlenecks, Choke Points, and Supply Chains (Webinar), May 23, 2020. Red May TV

La vida después dela covid-19, June-July 2020.

The End of Emerging Markets?, May 03, 2020. James Crabtree

COVID-19 and Circuits of Capital, May 01, 2020. Rob Wallace, Alex Liebman, Luis Fernando Chaves and Rodrick Wallace

COVID-19 en América Latina: El futuro es hoy, April 30, 2020. Rodrigo Yáñez, RIMISP

Measuring the impact of COVID-19 with a view to reactivation, April 2020. Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean

A crisis like no other: social reproduction and the regeneration of capitalist life during the COVID-19 pandemic, April 20, 2020. Alessandra Mezzadri

The Pandemic and the Global Economy, April 20, 2020. Jayati Ghosh

Covid-19 and economic development in Latin America, April 16, 2020. Tobias Franz

Latin America’s left spots comeback opportunity in coronavirus fallout, April 15, 2020. Michael Stott and Jude Webber

Could Pandemic Lead to Famine?, April 15, 2020. Martin Ravallion

Rethinking Social Reproduction in the Time of Covid-19, April 15, 2020. Kavita Dattani

How “Just-in-Time” Capitalism Spread COVID-19: Trade Routes, Transmission and International Solidarity, April 08, 2020. Kim Moody

Out of the Ruins and Rubble: Covid-19 and the fightback in Africa, April 07, 2020. Heike Becker, Femi Aborisade and Issa Shivji

Covid-19 and the Developmental State, April 07, 2020. James Copestake and Fariba Alamgir

Pulverized: Capitalism, Africa and Covid-19, March 31, 2020. Leo Zeilig and Hannah Cross

This is a Global Pandemic – Let’s Treat it as Such, March 27, 2020. Adam Hanieh